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The Executioner’s Lament

Enlarge this imageDr. Jay Chapman, pictured below in 2007, made the initial formula for lethal injections together with the intention of creating executions within the U.S. far more humane.Ben Margot/APhide captiontoggle captionBen Margot/APDr. Jay Chapman, pictured below in 2007, formulated the original components for lethal injections together with the intention of constructing executions inside the U.S. additional humane.Ben Margot/APIn 1977, demise row inmate Gary Mark Gilmore selected to become executed by a firing squad. Gilmore was strapped to the chair for the Utah Point out Prison, and 5 officers shot him. The media circus that ensued prompted a bunch of lawmakers in nearby Oklahoma to wonder if there could be an even better strategy to tackle executions. They approached Dr. Jay Chapman, the point out medical examiner for the time, who proposed applying 3 medicine, centered loosely on anesthesia proce ses at the time: 1 drug to knock out the inmates, one to loosen up or paralyze them, in addition to a remaining drug that might quit their hearts. The three-drug execution cocktail, which afterwards turned identified as Chapman’s Protocol, has long been the preferred technique through the U.S. ever due to the fact. But past week’s botched execution during the same state exactly where the method was made has raised questions about execution norms. Even though the drugs plus the problem of no matter if they do the job are for the center from the discu sion, the fact is executions are carried out by folks, and folks sometimes make mistakes. Numerous also battle with their involvement for many years afterward.Chapman’s protocol relies upon over a amount of items that he never ever foresaw: that in the yrs to return, health profe sionals and nurses competent during the artwork of finding veins would not conform to take part; that drug makers in Europe would refuse to permit their medications to be utilized; that unregulated pharmacies must replicate the drugs, or that prison staff would be liable for the dosage along with the administration. Chapman supports the lo s of life penalty. But he shakes his head at a few of the problems. “In a person problem I had been manufactured mindful of, the needle was inserted to the vein pointing far from your body,” he says. “And I’ve hardly ever even recognized any one that could envision executing that kind of thing.” There are already all way of difficulties: inmates who get up midway via or who cry out in agony. Previous jail officers say placing a puppy to sleep is something; killing someone is one thing else fully. “This is just not ordinary behavior for right-minded human beings to have interaction in,” states Steve Martin, who participated in many executions in Texas during the eighties. His task was to guy the phones in case of a reprieve. He states the complete procedure is emotionally crippling. He remembers a pair of instances in the event the execution staff could not obtain the needles inserted thoroughly. “Boy, it just ratcheted up every little thing,” he claims. “People don’t notice,” he claims, “you just killed somebody, and you have been part of it, and it impacts all of us.” Carroll Pickett was the chaplain at ninety five executions in Texas via the mid-1990s. He remembers 1 time when prison personnel used 40 minutes attempting to find a vein right up until the inmate sat up and helped them. “Some of these would go outside and to s up,” he states. As time pa ses, Pickett suggests, the employees unraveled. “And these had been some good, fantastic adult males. Basically, they all left. Each one of them,” he claims. Pickett and Steve Martin the two say the reminiscences of each execution haunt them. Martin claims he typically thinks of 1 inmate particularly, who labored on an inmate program with all the jail director. “The past phrases he ever uttered on this earth have been thanking the director,” he says, crying. “It just struck me that this guy’s drop spouse wasn’t even supplied the demise sentence, and in this article now we have this particular person we are executing whose very last not le s than articulated thought was to present thanks to your one that was heading to execute him.” Corrections officers in Oklahoma say that, for the minute, they foresee that the courts will postpone an execution set for up coming week at the very least until finally they’re sure what went incorrect final week.

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2 Dead, five Missing Right after Sudden Squall Hits Alabama Sailing Regatta

Enlarge this imageRegatta participant Robert Luiten of Cellular, Ala., suitable, rejoices on mastering that his son, Leonard Luiten, was observed just after their boat capsized inside of a storm on Saturday, in Dauphin Island, Ala. The Coastline Guard remains to be seeking for five lacking sailors.Mike Kittrell /AL.COM/Landovhide captiontoggle captionMike Kittrell/AL.COM/LandovRegatta participant Robert Luiten of Cell, Ala., right, rejoices on discovering that his son, Leonard Luiten, was identified soon after their boat capsized within a storm on Saturday, in Dauphin Island, Ala. The Coast Guard continues to be looking for five mi sing sailors.Mike Kittrell/AL.COM/LandovUpdated at 1:twenty p.m. ET At the very least two men and women are usele s and 5 other people lacking following a strong storm swept via a race regatta in Alabama’s Mobile Bay, capsizing sailboats. Ideal race ailments suddenly turned Saturday afternoon, when winds swiftly went from fifteen knots to 50 knots, generating waves as superior as ten ft alongside the 18-mile study course. 1 overall body was plucked within the h2o Saturday evening and yet another today as a Coastline Guard look for ongoing for 5 sailors neverthele s unaccounted for, The Related Pre s quoted Petty Officer Carlos Vega as indicating. Previously reports had mentioned that 4 people were being lacking. “Apparently there were many ve sels that turned distre sed, either B.J. Goodson Jersey capsized or what have you. They have been scattered between Dauphin Island Bridge every one of the way out into Cellular Bay and throughout to Fort Morgan. It had been a wide area,” Dauphin Island Mayor Jeff Collier informed Reuters says that just some in the boats that capsized were component of the Dauphin Island regatta in Mobile Bay, which Collier stated involved greater than 100 sailboats and as numerous as two hundred sailors.”It’s been an incredibly tragic day,” Michael Smith, while using the Buccaneer yacht club, informed WSFA-TV. “We’ve had loads of breakage, mi sing men and women, fatalities.” Survivors Randy Rutledge and Rhonda Morgan Gilreath, talking to, recounted how they ended up just 15 minutes from the finish line at Dauphin Island Bridge when their 23-foot sailboat was swamped by the steep waves. “It was just unbelievable how high the waves have been,” Gilreath claimed. “They were being just bashing you from every facet.”

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At private schools, a surge of Chinese students EVERETT — Pope John XXIII High School once epitomized the parochial school experience, a concrete building where hundreds of poor Catholic children from Irish and Italian immigrant families sought a new future. For decades, a student from farther away than Malden or Chelsea stood out. ​ Walk through the same doors now, and the tones of Mandarin Chinese bounce off the lockers. International flags fly between stained glass windows in a chapel-turned-dining hall. In one classroom, a crucifix hangs over a bookshelf with a Chinese dictionary — a reminder that almost half the school’s population hails from abroad. Three-quarters of those students come from China. Advertisement Chinese students have flocked to US universities for nearly 40 years. But as that country’s middle class balloons and competition for college acceptance rises, some families aim to jump-start the process by sending children abroad as early as junior high. This influx has spurred a side industry ripe for exploitation and shifted the makeup of secondary schools nationwide, particularly in private-school hubs like New England. cosplay wigsElite boarding schools have found the surge so great that many are attempting to maintain a balance by accepting fewer Chinese. But many day schools, faced with financial pressures, have seized on the opportunity to enroll full-tuition students through partnerships with recruitment agencies, new dorms, and rejiggered curriculums. “This school is not the school that was here in the 1980s,” said Tom Ryan, head of school at Pope John XXIII. Chinese made up 35 percent of the 92,000 foreign secondary school students in the United States in 2015, according to the US Department of Homeland Security, by far the largest group studying here. The number of international students in New England alone rose from more than 9,000 in 2010 to nearly 14,000 last year. International enrollment at the Newman School in the Back Bay shot up from 29 percent to 36 percent in the past five years, with 70 percent of those Chinese. The MacDuffie School in Granby has more than doubled its international population in the past four years, to 160 out of 297 students total.

Advertisement Lexington Christian Academy recently acquired a dormitory, largely for international students who pay $61,860 a year for tuition and housing. In 2011, Pope John XXIII officials converted the school’s fifth-floor convent into a dormitory for foreign students. Tuition there is $9,500 annually, plus about $30,000 for room and board. This new wave of Chinese students, even as they seek educational opportunity, is also more vulnerable because they leave their families at a young age, travel halfway across the world, and juggle the insecurities of teenage years in a country they don’t understand. Some of these so-called parachute kids sink, but many do master a system of teaching much different than they knew, improve their English, diversify traditionally monochrome campuses, and better situate themselves to attend a US university. And yet the transition can feel jarring. “The first day I arrived at my host family’s, I shut the door all day and stayed in my room,” said Ran Yixin, who entered George Stevens Academy in Blue Hill, Maine, as a hesitant 17-year-old sophomore. Then the south China native started watching football games with her host father, joined the cheerleading squad, volunteered at a local church, and became a discerning lobster eater. She graduated last year and now attends Bunker Hill Community College. lace front wigs“You need to be versatile; you can’t be only good at studying,” said Ran, who like many international students, bounced between host families. The desire to attend a US college often drives families, but, like Ran, many also seek to avoid the rigidity of the Chinese education system. Most public school students in China focus their academic career on passing a single test, the national college entrance exam, which is taken in their senior year. Students study long hours, and their score on this test, called the gaokao, determines where they go to college and what majors they pursue. This method, while prized for its rigor, leaves little time for hobbies or self-examination. “The education system in China is quite harmful for personal interest,” said Ran’s father, Ran Qihui, who paid about $46,000 a year for the US private high school. Some Chinese parents worry the American approach, which emphasizes extracurriculars and encourages students to follow their passions, fails to instill the same level of academic skills as the Chinese model. Unless parents can afford to accompany their children, it also tears families apart at the child’s most formative age. “It’s like they start college four years earlier,” said Tracy Ren, a Beijing mother whose son went to Choate Rosemary Hall, the same Connecticut boarding school President John F. Kennedy attended. “If you want to send [your kids abroad] at 14, they’re gone.”

David L Ryan/Globe Staff Ali Fu from China with Priscila Forgione from Lynn work together at Pope John XXIII High School in Everett. Ren helps run a parental support group on WeChat, a popular Chinese social media app, that translates to “Circle of Moms who want to Send their Kids to the US.” It has 50,000 followers. Many of these are parents like Robby Yang, caught between keeping a child nearby and encouraging them to leave. Any reservations the Chinese father had about sending his son abroad ended when the boy started elementary school in Beijing. He noticed that parents were asking the teacher what supplemental material they should buy for their 7-year-olds, in addition to after-school English classes and regular homework. Yang tried to ignore the intensity of his son’s kindergarten, where some of the kids could read novels. But the child would cry because he couldn’t list addition tables or write as many Chinese characters as the others. “This kind of competition is everywhere,” said Yang, who works on the investment side of Pearson, a multinational education and publishing company, and commutes three hours a day so his son can attend a well-regarded school. Schools acknowledge that revenue from these full-paying students motivates their recruitment. Many also hope to cultivate affluent international families into donors. But administrators also say the influx is reshaping classrooms that historically have lacked diversity. “We’re going to end up with a population of students who maybe aren’t so interested in putting a wall around their own country,” said Steven Griffin, head of school at the MacDuffie School. perruques cheveuxAn entire industry, both in the United States and China, has sprung up to funnel young foreign students to American prep schools. Fees can run as high as $50,000 for an agent to guide a family through the admissions process. Many of these businesses make additional profit by housing students in makeshift dorms or placing them with host families. Schools use agents because they believe it lends legitimacy to students’ applications. But it also makes for unusually close partnerships between admissions officers and businesses, with money as a primary incentive.

David L Ryan/Globe Staff Nick Zhou, who is from China, played pool after school ended at Pope John XXIII. “International students are a very lucrative market,” said Xi Zhang, founder of Boston-based, a website that provides information in Chinese about US secondary schools. “Although they can claim ‘I want to make sure our student body is diverse,’ lots of schools are doing this for the money.” The MacDuffie School finds 80 percent of its international students through agents, Griffin said. The school pays agents a cut, 10 percent of the $51,000 tuition that schools receive from the family the first year, and 5 percent in subsequent years. Sparhawk School, an Amesbury day school, requires students from China, Vietnam, and Korea to apply through the Cambridge Institute for International Education, a recruiting company whose affiliate operates the school’s new dormitory in nearby Haverhill. The Waltham-based company, founded less than a decade ago, partners with more than 200 private and public high schools and universities, one of the largest agencies of its kind. Although third-party companies assist many families with the unfamiliar process, some also manipulate naive parents eager to see their children succeed. A Chinese parent recently contacted the MacDuffie School to tell the headmaster her family could no longer afford the mandatory $40,000 annual donation. But no such donation rule exists. The family’s agent made up the story, and the school never received the money. With such high stakes — a child’s or a school’s future — the attempts at profiteering go both ways. Lexington Christian Academy, whose student body is 11 percent international, last year asked a Chinese student to leave when, after several warnings, she did not complete her coursework. Her parents flew in and offered the headmaster whatever assistance he needed for her to stay. “Eventually, what I understood they were saying was, ‘How much?’ ” Head of School Timothy Russell said. Students face their own struggles as they confront an unfamiliar setting, often alone and with limited English skills. Pope John XXIII sits across the street from a Dunkin’ Donuts and the Rt. perruques cheveux naturels99 Smoke Shop, between a convenience store and a nail salon. Some Chinese find suburban America a lonely transition from the crowded streets and flashy high-rises of Beijing and Shanghai. Augustine Wong, a Hong Kong transplant who attends the Newman School in the Back Bay, called the quiet West Roxbury neighborhood where his host family lives “gloomy.”

To help foreign students assimilate, schools sometimes require them to play sports or join clubs. The influence works in both directions: Chinese New Year has become a commonly feted holiday. But lunchrooms tell another story, often divided along cultural lines. During a recent morning assembly at the Newman School, many Asian students grouped together on one side of the room. A few never escape that bubble, making it difficult to ever really fit in. And, every so often, something goes terribly wrong. remy hair extensionsThree Chinese high school students in Southern California made headlines earlier this year for allegedly stripping another Chinese girl, burning her with cigarettes, and forcing her to eat her own hair. One of the student’s lawyers linked their actions to loneliness and the lack of parental supervision. Such behaviors are rare. But students can find themselves squeezed between expectations of American teachers and pressure from parents unfamiliar with a Western education system. George Becker, a world history teacher at Pope John XXIII, says that many Chinese students arrive tired to first period because they stay up late to Skype with their parents. Some sleep for a few hours, get up around 1 a.m. to talk, then go back to sleep, he said. Becker struggles to keep students with limited English skills engaged. He spends much of the first semester reinforcing the importance of participating in class and voicing opinions — skills that aren’t always encouraged in traditional Chinese schools. “I’m constantly thinking about making sure they understand this, or how can I connect this to something where they’re from,” Becker said. The increase in foreign students also affects how and what schools teach. Sparhawk School runs a course to prepare students for the English-language exam they must take to attend US universities, and it has trained its teachers on cultural differences between US and Chinese experiences. MacDuffie School offers an international diploma for foreign students who don’t meet the regular requirements for graduation. Lexington Christian Academy developed a special English-language learning program that some students attend before enrolling at the academy or at another secondary school. “You’re actually, in a way, changing the school,” said Peter Upham, executive director of The Association of Boarding Schools.

While the surge in international students brings more diversity of thought, it also threatens to shift the demographics too far in one direction, Upham said. His association has started a national campaign to encourage boarding schools to enroll more domestic students — 2,020 more by the year 2020. Meanwhile, the region’s elite prep schools, with their larger endowments, face less pressure to recruit international students. Enrolling too many foreign students can backfire, said Chris Blondin, associate admissions director at Governor’s Academy in Byfield, which has 17 Chinese students out of 400 total. Chinese families aren’t attracted to schools that look too much like home, he said. pre bonded hairDeerfield Academy counts about 20 Chinese in its student body of 635. The school has watched the number of Chinese applications drop as families learn that it admits just one student for every 12 applicants and does not have an English-language learning program. In coming years, the Newman School aims to reverse strategy and recruit more US students. Headmaster Harry Lynch is proud of Newman’s global reputation, but he frequently hears that the school is not well-known in Boston. Lynch sat in his office one recent afternoon surrounded by stacks of American textbooks. The bell rang and students from around the world raced past his open door to class. “When I look at the future of the school,” Lynch said, “it has to rebalance.” Laura Krantz can be reached at Jessica Meyers can be reached at